Quaid-e-Azam
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Quaid-e-Azam birthday is celebrated on December 25th. Pakistanis will celebrate their founder’s 144th birthday on Saturday. Quaid Day is celebrated with enthusiasm. 25 December is a public holiday. A parade, ceremony, or program is taking place at the Mazar-e-Quaid, and the entire public can watch it live on television. The national flag is flown in all government and private buildings. The day is observed to commemorate Quaid’s struggle for independence and to promote Quaid’s motto of unity, faith, and discipline.

Who was Quaid-e-Azam ?

On December 25, 1876, Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born. He was the founder, a lawyer, the country’s first Governor-General, and a strong politician. He said exactly what he meant and never used the dirty tactics that politicians frequently use to fool the public.

Muhammad Ali was organized and logical in his approach to the situation and he is also known as Quaid-e-Azam or the Father of the Nation.

Childhood

His father was Poonja Gokuldas Meghji and his mother was Mithibai Jinnah. Poonja Jinnah was a pious man.

 Quaid-e-Azam father
Image source-Wikipedia

He was a trader from the village of Paneli. Jinnah was born in Karachi in a rented apartment on the second floor of Wazir Mansion near Karachi.

Siblings

 He has three brothers and three sisters. Jinnah was the second child. The children were taught both Gujarati and English. Jinnah did not speak Gujarati or Urdu fluently, but he could speak English well.

Early Education 

When he was six years old, his father enrolled him in Sindh Madrasa-ul-Islam. Jinnah was uninterested in his studies. Her father was worried that he should focus on their studies as it was required in his business. In the early 1880s, the Poonja Trading business dealt with exporting crops. Then businesses become more profitable.

Quaid-e-Azam
Image source-Wikipedia

He went with his aunt in 1887 and spent six months there, taking admission to Gokal Das Tej Primary School in Bombay. Due to his mother’s insisting he come back. He also enjoyed reading poetry at his leisure. As a child, Jinnah was not easy to handle. After that, he enrolled in Christian Mission High School. By this time, his father’s company had evolved to the point that he had his horse stables and vehicles. Sir Frederick Leigh Croft, Douglas Graham Company’s general manager, had a significant influence on young Muhammad Ali.

He did his matriculation from Bombay University at the high school.

Plans to visit England

At the suggestion of a friend, Poonja Jinnah is ready to send him to England. His mother, on the other hand, is opposed to the decision and is unwilling to send his children to England for two to three years.

Jinnah persuaded her mother to send him, but she insisted on seeing his son married first.

As a result, she imposed a condition on Ali, they must marry before departing for England.

His concept was that it was a risky nation to send an unmarried, attractive young man like her son to. Then, based on the complexity of the situation, he obeys his parents’ advice.

Quaid-e-Azam marriage with Emibai

Muhammad Ali’s mother arranges for his son’s marriage to Emibai, a 14-year-old girl from Paneli village. Quaid-e-Azam was only 16 years old at the time. This wedding was a big occasion in the village, and everyone was there to witness it.

Quaid-e-Azam 1st wife
Image source-Wikipedia

He studied at the Christian Mission School until the end of October to strengthen his English skill. He move to England in 1892.

When he was going, his father deposited enough money into his son’s account.

He joined Lincoln, a London-based law firm that prepares students for the legal profession. 

Mother and wife death

Jinnah’s mother and wife died when he was in London. Lastly, in 1892, he saw his mother and wife before departing for England.

 However, he completed his studies and began to study politics in England, attending court regularly.

He was passionate about the independence of William E. Gladstone, who became the fourth president in 1892 when Jinnah came to London.

Jinnah also enjoys Indian politics and Indian students. When Jinnah and other Indian students clashed with Chief Parsi Dada Bhai Noroji, who had become a prominent Indian figure after being elected Chief of Britain.

Second Marriage with Rattanbai Jinnah

Jinnah’s brilliance and personality impressed Sir Dinshaw’s daughter, Rattanbai. His father was a Parsi billionaire at the time.

Against her parents’ desires, Jinnah married Ruttie on April 19th, 1918. She had become a Muslim. Ruttie’s family did not come to her wedding.

They love each other. Ruttie wanted to spend her entire life with him with joy.

However, because of his political responsibilities, Jinnah had little time to spare. They had a beautiful daughter named Dina born on 15 Aug 1919. 

Quaid-e-Azam
Image source-The Dawood foundation

Rutti has relocated from his Mount Pleasant Road home to the Taj Mahal Hotel after some time. Quaid-e-Azam and Ruttie lived separately.

She had become unwell during her stay at the Taj Mahal. She had a “temperature and was dizzy. On the occasion of her twenty-ninth birthday, she breathed her final breath. Jinnah was in Delhi when Ruttie died. Jinnah’s emotions were out of control. He began crying.

A career in politics

Jinnah as a Lawyer

Jinnah began his career at the age of 20. He began his career as a barrister in Bombay, where he was the city’s only Muslim barrister.

Quaid-e-Azam
Image source-Wikipedia

His brighter career began when John Molesworth and MacPherson recruited him to work in their chambers. 

Offer

After six months, Jinnah was offered a permanent post with a salary of 1500 rupees per month, but he declined the offer and set his focus on earning 1500 rupees every day, which was a major commitment at that time.

Jinnah earned a reputation as a lawyer when he took on the case of Sir Pherozeshah Mehta.

Although he did not win the case, he established himself as a legal advocate.

A trade unionist’s president

He was a strong defender of the working class. In 1925, he was elected president of the ALL INDIA POSTAL STAFF UNION, which had a membership of over 70,000 people. He became a labor advocate, demanding all of the needs for workers to have a decent life.

He even played a key role in establishing a legislative structure for trade unions to operate within.

Joining Congress

Jinnah joined Congress, India’s major political party, in 1896.

He, like other members of Congress, did not want outright independence at the time.

Jinnah initially refused to join the All India Muslim League, which was founded in 1906, because he saw it as a communal organization.

Leaving Congress

Jinnah’s problems began with Congress when Mahatma Gandhi arrived, deeply and spiritually committed to Indian independence. Gandhi dressed appropriately for Hinduism and was liked by Indians. Jinnah then chastised Gandhi for the khilafat movement.

And he resigned from Congress after warning that Gandhi’s political techniques had caused a schism between the Muslim and Indian communities.

Joining Muslim League

He then considers the future of MUSLIM and joins the Muslim League in 1913.

Jinnah began working hard for Muslim freedom.

Jinnah returns to India in 1934 and begins the process of reforming the Muslim League. The party eventually became a powerful and major force among Muslims. The Muslim League got many seats in 1937 from the election.

In the election, They lost the majority of the seats in Sindh and Punjab.

Quaid-e-Azam
Image sorce-Naya duar

Jinnah founded DAWN in 1941 to spread the message of the Muslim League to the general public.

Due to the efforts of Jinnah and other Muslim leaders, Pakistan became independent on August 14, 1947.

On 15 Aug 1947 Quaid-e-Azam was elected as Pakistan’s first governor-general.

Quaid’s illness and death

Jinnah had TB since the 1930s, and his sister and a few close friends were aware of his illness. Unfortunately, Quaid smokes many times a day therefore Jinnah feared that letting the world know about his lung problems would harm him politically. 

Mountbatten later claimed that if he had realized Jinnah was so extremely ill, he would have delayed, hoping that Jinnah’s death would prevent separation. 

Quaid-e-Azam
Image source-Flickr

Later, Fatima Jinnah stated, “The Quaid-e-Azam was oppressively sick indeed in his hour of palm. In delirium, he tried to unite Pakistan. And, of course, he disregarded his healthfully. 

Quaid -e Azam died on 11 September 1948, at the age of 71, at his residence in Karachi.

We salute our national hero for his heroic efforts, which have resulted in the creation of a wonderful country.

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